The Cold Shoulder
Believe it or not, there was a time when giving someone the cold shoulder didn?t just mean publicly snubbing them; it actually meant handing them a cold shoulder, as in a cold shoulder of beef. During the Middle Ages, the easiest way to hint to guests that they?d overstayed their welcome was to serve them a heaping mound of cold cow parts.
In the 13th century, British families tended to divvy up food after a hunt by giving the best portions of meat to the man who shot the stag, his eldest son, and his closest male friends. Those of lesser importance (the man?s wife and his remaining children, for example) were graciously offered the umbles?organs like the heart, the brain, the kidneys, and the entrails. Years later, some punster added an ?h? to the phrase, and ?to eat humble pie? became synonymous with any sort of humiliation.
Bring Home the Bacon
What today means coming home with a paycheck used to be a bit more literal. In the 12th century, the Dunmow Church in Essex County, Britain, began awarding cured bacon strips to newly married couples if they could swear after one year of marriage they had never once regretted the decision. Standards got a little stiffer in the 16th century when the church turned the event into a competition: Couples had to appear before a jury of six bachelors and bachelorettes and plead the magnitude of their happiness in order to ?bring home the bacon.?
The common term for someone guilty of overacting is abbreviated from the slightly longer, slightly more offensive ?hamfatter.? Low-grade minstrel actors often didn?t have the cash to spring for cold cream, so they resorted to applying ham fat to their faces to help remove their stage makeup. The facial application soon became permanently connected to the actors who wore it.
To Stew in One?s Own Juices
Meaning to suffer the consequences of your own actions, the phrase goes back to the 13th century when ?stewing in your own juices? was a euphemism for being burned at the stake.
Pleased as Punch
Believe it or not, the punch in the phrase doesn?t refer to a tasty beverage, but instead to the main character in the old-time Punch and Judy puppet shows. A staple at European carnivals, the ?Punch and Judy? show was madly popular in the days before TV. The humorous puppet act always ended in a pleased Punch outwitting his shrewish wife, hence the phrase.
Bakers of old weren?t exactly the most ethical people. In fact, it was pretty well known that bakers duped customers regularly by making loaves of bread that contained more air pockets than solid material. By 1266 the British Parliament was fed up (or not fed up, as it were) with the airy substitutes, so they mandated a law that bread had to be sold by weight. The penalties were pretty extreme. (A Turkish version of the law stated that bakers were to be nailed to their shop doors by the ears if they shortchanged a customer.) Most bakers, however, didn?t have the proper weighing equipment. Bakers quickly decided that forking over an extra loaf for every dozen was an easy way to avoid a sentence.
From Mental Floss (Vol. 1, Issue 5). A magazine built on fun facts (?No U.S. president was an only child?; ?Leave It to Beaver? was the first American television show to air a flushing toilet?; ??Sukoshi yotte imasu? is how you say ?I?m drunk? in Japanese?), Mental Floss has a breezy take on everything from art and politics to science and religion, making it the perfect pre?cocktail party read. Subscriptions: $21.97/yr. (6 issues) from Box 377, Mt. Morris, IL 61054.