Filmmaker Regge Life on Race, Culture, and 'Doubles'

Life's documentaries explore how intercultural people cross boundaries

| September-October 1999

Regge Life, an African American filmmaker who grew up in Westchester County, New York, and earned his MFA at New York University's film school, has made three documentaries that deal with the blurring boundaries of race and culture, and explore what it means to build a human identity out of disparate parts: Struggle and Success: The African American Experience in Japan; Doubles: Japan and America's Intercultural Children; and After America . . . After Japan. The films were broadcast nationally in Japan and America.

How did you get the idea for Doubles?
While I was making Struggle and Success and interviewing African Americans who had married Japanese spouses, I met many of their children. In Japan, such kids were called haafu—halves—which seemed to suggest they were not quite whole or complete. But it soon became clear that these kids had twice the culture, twice the heritage, and twice the language skills. And many of them had strength and courage that came from their daily struggle to define themselves—not so much to find their identity as to create it.

So what goal did you set for yourself with this film?
I wanted to look through the eyes of children who have had to come to terms with two radically different cultures while trying to express 100 percent of who they are as individuals.

And once again, you dug into the history.
Yes. The American military occupation of Japan following World War II produced the first large number of mixed children, some born to married parents, others out of wedlock. Some grew up in America, others in Japan.

Each society, in its own way and to different degrees, values conformity or uniformity. We Americans speak a lot about multiculturalism but, in my experience, still look at each other based on race, not culture. If you're dark, you're an African American, no matter that your mother or father is Japanese. And if you look Asian, then that is what you must be, no matter that one of your parents is Caucasian. Many Americans have trouble accepting that you can be two things at once.

In Japan, on the other hand, the buzzword is internationalization, or kokusaika. The word half at least recognizes that these intercultural children have a Japanese part as well; no one is going to deny them that. Most of the kids I interviewed were happy about the way they are. What makes them unhappy is having to make the world understand. After getting to know lots of doubles, I've come to feel that the future is theirs. They have the most to teach us about crossing cultural boundaries, something more of us will have to do in the years ahead.

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