Treating Wounded Soldiers: Beyond PTSD

An innovative program treats soldiers’ head wounds

| March-April 2010

  • Polytrauma Therapy
    Navy Senior Chief Jim Pitts, a non-clinical case manager for wounded warriors, talks with Veterans Affairs social work supervisor Scott Skiles and Army Sgt. 1st Class Lee Smith, a wounded warrior military liaison.
    image by DoD / Fred W. Baker III

  • Polytrauma Therapy

View photos from the Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center at

Corporal Jason Poole was 17 when he joined the U.S. Marine Corps in 2000. On his third tour of duty in Iraq in 2004, Poole was in a group patrolling near the Syrian border when an improvised explosive device detonated, killing two Marines and an interpreter, and ripping off the top left part of Poole’s head.

He had surgery to repair and seal his skull and remained in a coma for almost two months. When he finally awoke to see the excited face of his twin sister, he was frightened and disoriented—although he laughs at the memory of reaching immediately for his head. “I thought I’d have some big Afro after two months,” Poole says, “but my head was shaved.”

Five years after that horrific blast, he sits in a visitors’ lounge at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System. He is blind in his left eye, deaf in his left ear. His right side is weak and his right arm heavily scarred. His hands and arms still contain scores of faint, freckle-sized black specks of shrapnel. But many subsequent surgeries have given Poole back a friendly and good-looking face whose scars do not overshadow his easy, bright smile. That in itself is something of a miracle. Not to mention the fact that he has relearned how to speak, how to eat, how to read, how to walk.


There is no official definition for polytrauma in most dictionaries, although it’s easy enough to figure out. Trauma is bodily shock or emotional injury. Poly is from the ancient Greek for many.