Casualties of the Vietnam War

Edward Tick collected these statistics by searching history books, newspapers, and archives, and interviewing survivors and scholars throughout the United States and Southeast Asia. Following is a partial list of his sources. In the United States: Disabled American Veterans; The New York Times; Hell, Healing and Resistance by Daniel Hallock; The Vietnam War: A History in Documents, by Young, Fitzgerald & Grunfel; Webster’s New World Dictionary of the Vietnam War. In Viet Nam: Army Museum, Ha Noi; Hong Ngoc (Rosy Jade) Humanity Center, Sao Do; Research Center for Gender, Family, and Environment in Development, Ha Noi; Women’s Museum, Ha Noi; War Remnants Museum, Ho Chi Minh City.

THE PEOPLE

American Veterans

Vietnamese People

In Country

2.5 million

est. 1970 pop. 41 million

In Combat

1.5 million

unknown

Killed in Action

58,000+

2.5 million

Wounded

300,000+*

4 million

Missing in Action

2,000+

250,000

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

1.5 million+

unknown

Suicides

100,000+

unknown

Homeless

150,000 nightly

unknown

Boat People

0

1 million (Viet Nam, Laos, and Cambodia)

Lost at Sea

0

500,000

Disabled Street People

unknown

3 million

New Agent Orange Deformities

unknown

35,000/year

Peacetime Deaths Due to Unexploded Bombs & Mines

0

50,000+ (Viet Nam, Laos, and Cambodia)

Maimed by Bombs and Mines (1975-98)

0

67,000

Reeducation Camps

0

400,000 in 100 camps

* includes U.S: 74,000 quadriplegics and multiple amputees

THE VIETNAMESE LAND

Total Herbicides Used

19.4 million gallons

Agent Orange Sprayed

11.7 million gallons

Mangrove Forest Destroyed

60%

Forest & Jungle Destroyed

18%

Cultivated Land Destroyed

8%

U.S. BOMBING

8 billion+ pounds (4 times more than WWII total; equal to 600 Hiroshima-size bombs)

23 million bomb craters

2,257 U.S. aircraft lost

Over 4,000 of toal 5,778 villages bombed, 150 completely destroyed

DESTROYED

10 million cubic meters of dikes

815 hydroelectric works

1,100 lake embankments

8 forestries

48 agricultural research centers with 6,000 agricultural machines and 46,000 water buffalo

400 factories

18 power stations

13,000 boats

15,100 bridges

2,923 high schools and universities

350 hospitals

1,500 maternity hospitals

484 churches

465 pagodas

240,540 thatched huts

TOTAL COST TO THE UNITED STATES:

$925 Billion

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